Orientation en forêt - comment choisir son GPS

Finding Your Way in the Woods: How to Choose the Right GPS

Finding your way in the woods isn’t only about having a GPS, but rather the right GPS that will help you avoid unnecessary detours and delays. Here’s how to find the best one for you.

The type of activity

GPS apps for your phone and ones designed for your car are good for helping you find your way if you’re lost, but nothing compares to a good outdoor GPS when you’re looking at navigating the woods. More compact and durable, water and shock resistant, they also have the added advantage of recharging more easily out in the open air – a simple battery switch or a bit of natural light (for solar models) is all you really need.

They will also allow you to enter landmarks or places where you may decide to camp, drop off your bag, or even fill up your water bottle, so that you can get back on track quickly and more easily.
Depending on the activity you do, various models offer different, specific features to help guide you.


While hiking, you’ll be happy that your GPS map displays not only the hiking trails, but also swamps, streams, and rivers you may need to cross – or avoid if going off-trail isn’t allowed. As an added plus, it’ll give precise and clear information about the slope of the trails you’re on (flat, rugged, impossible to cross without climbing, etc.) in order to help you judge the level of energy and the approximate time it will take you on a given path.

Contrary to the classic compass, an electronic compass integrated in your GPS will indicate in which direction North is, no matter your position. Another practical integrated feature? A barometric altimeter, which will track atmospheric pressure variations based on both altitude and climate conditions.


In addition to providing bike paths or suggesting faster or less-crowded routes, the bike GPS usually comes with a fastening set to attach to the handlebars and is waterproof to protect against downpours.

Some models can also track your performance by calculating speed and distance travelled. It is sometimes also possible to download your itinerary, and share it on social media to compare with others who have the same GPS for some friendly competition and stat sharing.


When it comes to a geocaching GPS, they will often have the advantage of being able to enter a description of the cache as well as comments from geocachers, along with having an integrated camera, significant internal memory, and extremely precise map software to help users find the hidden object.


Frequency and conditions of use

In order to select your GPS, ask yourself how often you intend to use it as well as in what climate conditions. If you will be doing extreme sports, opt for a more durable GPS. The investment in an outdoor, high-quality GPS will be worth it if you go out on expeditions every weekend, whereas a more entry-level GPS will work just fine if you will only be using it occasionally.

GPS Systems

Other tools for getting oriented

Since finding your way isn’t solely about how good your GPS is, here’s an article about finding your way in the woods. Read about the importance of having some books, maps, and atlases on hand, as well as other tools, such as binoculars.

To learn how to navigate sans GPS (in case of a break, loss, or simply for the challenge), you can always get away with a simple compass (or strong knowledge of the stars), a small knife, rope and a multipurpose knife (to mark your path, for instance).

Tips and tricks for reading a compass

Reading a compass is easy – you’ve got to find North. How? Use a map, or the position of the sun (rises in the East, sets in the West) or the stars (especially the North Star, which indicated true north).

Once you’ve found North, face it and make sure there are no metal surfaces in close proximity. Then, you can find the other cardinal points and follow to get to where you’d like to go.

Compasses Navigation Maps